Biisk, the second biggest industrial and cultural centre of the Altai territory of Russia, is specifically located on the riversides of Biya in the south-western part of Siberia. It is linked by a highway to Mongolia and is a trading centre for agricultural goods. The two sides of the city are connected through a ferro-concrete bridge. As the starting point of Chuysky Highway, the city leads the way to the Altai Republic and all throughout the borders of Russia and Mongolia.
Biisk was founded as a fortress under the rule of the Russian Emperor named Peter the Great.
It transformed as the centre of trade and industry from a military base in 1848. It became the port and the terminus of the Turkistan- Siberia RR branch and served as the manufacturer of certain food-processing equipment. The different branches of banks including Siberian Trade Bank, Russian-Asian Bank, and Petrograd International Commercial Bank are all located in the city.
During World War II, the factories from the west of the Soviet Union evacuated the city and resulted to the rapid growth of the city's industry. It was labelled as the vital centre for the arms development and production. Almost 60 large enterprises operate in the city. One of them is the Russian company Biyskenergomash, which monopolises specialised boilers.
Currently, the most important enterprise in the city is the joint company of Sibpribormash with Polyex, Biysk oleum plant, and the scientific industrial unit called 'Altai'. On the other hand, the biggest factors of the city's economy include dairy industry, sugar and butter production, meat-packing industry, wood-tooling, and furniture production.
Biisk is productive in terms of its cultural life. In 1911 to 1913, the outstanding architect K. K. Linguin built a mansion for N. I. Assanov. At this time, the so-called museum historical department of the city can be found at the mansion. Moreover, the best Siberian architectures were invited to work in the city. As per ordered by A. P. Kopilov, the building of the Public House or Drama Theatre in 1913 to 1916 by I. F. Nosovich with the help of the other architects became a success.
From the end of the 19th century up to the beginning of the 20th century, the processing enterprises of tannery, distillery, sawmill, shag and flax- weaving factories, steam mill, cold-storage, several brick plants, and semi- handicraft metal processing shops were soon constructed.
Biisk is called as "The Gates to Altai Mountains" and is known as one of the most important tourist centres in Altai that heads the way to Gorny and to other places like Barnaul; 140 km, Novosibirsk; 356 km, Moscow; 3700 km, and Mongolia; 617 km.
Some of the city's attractions include the Drama Theatre (founded in 1943), V. Bianki Museum, Centralized Library Network with 3.5 million books, Pedagogical Institute, Biisk branch of Altai Technical University, Technical schools, Art School, Lyceum, Teacher's Training University, technical institutes, and other educational institutions.